The Ford Focus RS WRC is a car built for the BP Ford World Rally Team by Ford and M-Sport and based on the Ford Focus Climate 2 litre production hatchback, developed to compete in the World Rally Championship. The RS stands for Rallye Sport and the WRC for World Rally Car, the car's FIA specification.
Like all contemporary World Rally Cars, the car is heavily modified from the production version, with which it shares only the basic shape and some parts of the bodyshell. The car features four wheel drive, rather than the front wheel drive of the road car. The engine used in the 2007 Focus WRC is based on Ford's 2.0 Litre Duratec from other models in the Focus range as rallying rules do not permit the standard 2.5 Litre engine of the Focus ST or road going RS. As with most rally cars, the 2.0 Litre engine is heavily modified and performance was increased using a turbocharger. Also the 2009 Ford Focus WRC uses a Ford 1998cc Pipo built l4 Duratec WRC engine. Four Cylinders, 16 Valves, Bore 85 mm and Stroke 88 mm. Pi electronic engine Management system. Garrett Turbocharger (with required 34 mm inlet restrictor). Air Intercooler. and a Catalytic Converter.
Power is 300bhp at 6000rpm and 550 Nm of Torque at 4000rpm
Transmission is a Permanent four - wheel drive with M - Sport designed active Centre Differential. Pi electronic differential control Units. M - Sport / Ricardo Five - Speed sequential gearbox with electro - hydraulically controlled shift. M - Sport / Sachsmulti disccarbon Clutch
Suspension is Front and Rear: Macphreson struts (front)and Trailing Arm (Rear) with Reiger external reservoir dampers adjustable in bump and rebound. Fully Adjustable fabricated steel links.
Brakes are 300 mm Brembo ventilated discs with Brembo four-piston monoblock calipers for Gravel.
Weight is a minimum of 1230 kg
Wheelbase is 1800 mm
Length is 4362 mm
Width is 1800mm
The first version of the car was built in 1999 to replace the Ford Escort WRC. It debuted in the Monte Carlo Rally with Colin McRae and Simon Jean-Josephbehind the wheels of the two cars. It was immediately on the pace, setting many fastest stage times, but the use of an illegal water pump meant that the two cars were excluded from the event. McRae gave the Focus its first win two events later on the Safari Rally Kenya finishing over 15 minutes ahead of the second placed Toyota of Didier Auriol.
In 2003, Ford released a newly designed Focus WRC, named Focus RS WRC 03, for competition during the second part of the season. The car, with most parts redesigned from the ground up, featured a lighter body shell and a new aerodynamically enhanced front bumper and wing. Markko Märtin drove the car to two world rally victories. The 2004 and 2005 Focus WRCs were evolutions based on the RS WRC 03. The Focus RS WRC 04 won three events with Märtin at the wheel. By 2005, the car was no longer very competitive and Ford had a winless season.
From the last rally of the 2005 season, Ford campaigned a brand new model, the Focus RS WRC 06, following the launch of the new road-going version of the car. The engine chosen for this Focus was a Duratec motor developed by the French engine specialist Pipo Moteur. The car took twelve world rally wins, starting with the 2006 season opener Monte Carlo Rally in the hands of Marcus Grönholm.
The Focus RS WRC 07 is based on the 2006 model, and according to Ford's technical director Christian Loriaux "the changes on the new car are mainly to save weight and to improve efficiency, driveability and performance at the bottom end of the range." The car debuted very successfully at the 2007 Rally Finland as Ford's Finns Grönholm and Mikko Hirvonen finished in first and second. It later made history at the 2008 Swedish Rally when Jari-Matti Latvala used the car to become youngest-ever driver to win a world rally.